FOSS Module Summary

Module Summary – Plants and Animals (2nd Ed.)


The Plants and Animals Module provides experiences that heighten young students' awareness of the different ways that plants and animals meet their needs. Students care for plants to learn what they need to grow and develop. They observe the structures of plants and discover ways to propagate new plants from mature plants (from seeds, bulbs, roots, and stem cuttings). They observe and describe changes that occur as plants grow, and organize their observations on a calendar and in a notebook. They build a terrarium and provide for the needs of both plants and animals living together in a classroom habitat. They read about and view photographs and videos of plants and animals living in different habitats.


  • Develop a curiosity and interest in plants as living things.
  • Provide for the needs of growing plants and animals.
  • Observe and describe the changes that occur as plants grow and develop.
  • Become familiar with the structures and functions of flowering plants (root, stem, leaf).
  • Discover various ways that new plants can develop from mature plants.
  • Compare the basic needs of common plants and animals.
  • Experience some of the diversity of forms in the plant and animal kingdoms and become aware of features that help plants and animals thrive in different habitats.
  • Learn that some animals eat plants, and others use them for shelter and nesting.
  • Compare structure and function of different animals' teeth.
  • Organize and communicate observations through drawing and writing.
  • Acquire the vocabulary associated with the structures, needs, and habitats of plants and animals.
  • Draw pictures that portray features of objects.
  • Record observations and data with pictures, numbers, and words.

For a description of each investigation in the Plants and Animals Module and the correlations to the National Science Education Standards, download the Module Overview PDF.

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